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Latest Projects (Overview)

Find out about the latest simulation projects run on the GCS supercomputers. For the complete overview of projects, sorted by research fields, please choose from the list in the left column.

Precession Driven Flows in Planets

Precession Driven Flows in Planets

Researchers at the University of Münster investigated precession driven flows in planets by direct numerical simulations on the JUQUEEN cluster. Precession of the rotation axis is an often neglected driving mechanism for flows in planetary cores, a field of research were other scientists mainly focus on the influence of thermal or chemical effects. As an additional complication that moves the models closer to the physical reality, the project considered the spheroidal shape of the planet, whereas previous research has been focused on the idealized case of a perfect sphere.
  
Principal Investigator: Ulrich Hansen, Institut für Geophysik, Westfälische Wilhelms-Universität Münster (Germany)
HPC Platform: JUQUEEN of JSC - Date published: November 2016
More: Precession Driven Flows in Planets …

Buoyant-Convectively Driven Heat and Ggas Exchange

Buoyant-Convectively Driven Heat and Gas Exchange

Gas exchange across water surfaces receives increasing attention because of its importance to the global greenhouse budget. At present, most models used to estimate the gas flux only consider wind-shear. To improve the accuracy of the predictions a detailed study of buoyancy-driven gas transfer, which is a major contributor at low to moderate wind-speed, is necessary.  The main challenge lies in resolving the extremely thin gas concentration boundary layer. To address this, direct numerical simulations (DNS) of gas transfer induced by surface-cooling were performed on SuperMUC using a numerical scheme that is capable of resolving the thin diffusive layers on a relatively coarse mesh while avoiding spurious oscillations of the scalar quantity.

Principal Investigator: Herlina Herlina, Institute for Hydromechanics, Karlsruhe Institute of Technology (KIT), Germany
HPC Platform: SuperMUC of LRZ - Date published: November 2016
More: Buoyant-Convectively Driven Heat and Gas Exchange …

EXASTEEL - Bridging Scales for Multiphase Steels

EXASTEEL - Bridging Scales For Multiphase Steels

The project EXASTEEL is concerned with parallel implicit solvers for multiscale problems in structural mechanics discretized using finite elements. It is focussed on modern high strength steel materials. The higher strength and better ductility of these materials largely stems from the carefully engineered grain structure at the microscale. The computational simulations used therefore take into account the microstructure, but without resorting to a brute force discretization (which will be out of reach for the foreseeable future). The researchers' approach combines a computational multiscale approach well known in engineering (FE) with state-of-the-art parallel scalable iterative implicit solvers developed in mathematics.

Principal Investigators: Axel Klawonn, Mathematical Institute of the University of Cologne (Germany) and Oliver Rheinbach, Institute of Numerical Analysis and Optimization, Technische Universität Bergakademie Freiberg (Germany)
HPC Platform: JUQUEEN of JSC - Date published: November 2016
More: EXASTEEL - Bridging Scales For Multiphase Steels …

GRSimStar - General Relativistic Simulations of Binary Neutron Star Mergers

GRSimStar - General Relativistic Simulations of Binary Neutron Star Mergers

What can we learn from some of the most powerful explosions in the universe? Researchers in Italy, USA, and Japan joined forces to study, via computer simulations in general relativity, what happens when two neutron stars in a binary system finally merge. Besides black holes, neutron stars are the most compact objects ever observed. Their collisions can produce bright electromagnetic emission and strong gravitational waves. Understanding how to relate the different signals with the properties of neutron stars may allow us to understand how matter behaves in conditions so extreme that cannot be reproduced on Earth.
  
Principal Investigator: Bruno Giacomazzo, University of Trento and INFN-TIFPA, Trento, Italy
HPC Platform: SuperMUC of LRZ - Date published: November 2016
More: GRSimStar - General Relativistic Simulations of Binary Neutron Star Mergers …

Crystallization of Amorphous Phase Change Memory Material: Molecular Dynamics Simulations

Crystallization of Amorphous Phase Change Memory Material: Molecular Dynamics Simulations

Rewritable optical storage media, such as the digital versatile disk (DVD-RW) and Blu-Ray Disc, are based on the extremely rapid and reversible crystallization of amorphous “bits” in thin polycrystalline layers of special alloy materials. The ultimate limit to the speed (and therefore usefulness) of such devices is the speed of crystallization of the amorphous structure, and the nature of the process has been the subject of much speculation. Insight is provided by simulations of crystallization of an amorphous alloy of germanium, antimony, and tellurium (GST) that is widely used as a component of commercial optical memories.

Principal Investigator: Robert O. Jones, Forschungszentrum Jülich (Germany)
HPC Platform: JUQUEEN of JSC - Date published: November 2016
More: Crystallization of Amorphous Phase Change Memory Material: Molecular Dynamics Simulations …

DNS of Turbulent Oxy-Fuel Flames

Direct Numerical Simulation of Turbulent Oxy-Fuel Flames

The direct numerical simulation performed in the course of this project – run on SuperMUC at LRZ – investigated a temporally evolving non-premixed syngas jet flame. Results of this simulation were used to validate a recently published set of extended model equations for the reaction zone dynamics in non-premixed combustion. Furthermore, the dataset was used to analyze the importance of curvature induced transport phenomena. Regions could be identified where curvature has a significant impact on the flame structure.

Principal Investigator: Christian Hasse, Numerical Thermo-Fluid Dynamics, Technische Universität Bergakademie Freiberg (Germany)
HPC Platform: SuperMUC of LRZ - Date published: November 2016
More: Direct Numerical Simulation of Turbulent Oxy-Fuel Flames …

Steering Complex Chemical Reactions by Mechanical Forces

Steering Complex Chemical Reactions by Mechanical Forces

Disulfide bonds are known to stabilize protein structures by imposing covalent cross-links. More recently they have been found to regulate protein activity as well by undergoing chemical reactions themselves. However, the chemistry of disulfide bond cleavage reactions is astonishingly rich and includes also β-elimination reactions in alkaline solution instead of the usual nucleophilic substitution at one of the sulfur atoms. Using HPC system JUQUEEN, an international team of scientists computationally studied both reaction channels as a function of increasingly large mechanical forces.

Principal Investigator: Dominik Marx, Lehrstuhl für Theoretische Chemie, Ruhr-Universität Bochum (Germany)
HPC Platform: JUQUEEN of JSC - Date published: November 2016
More: Steering Complex Chemical Reactions by Mechanical Forces …

Aacsfi-PSC: Advanced Accelerator Concepts for Strong Field Interaction Simulated with the Plasma-Simulation-Code

Advanced Accelerator Concepts for Strong Field Interaction Simulated with the Plasma-Simulation-Code (Aacsfi-PSC)

Researchers of the Faculty of Physics at the Ludwig-Maximilians-Universität München leveraged HPC system SuperMUC to a) investigate the proton driven laser-wakefield acceleration of electrons, and b) simulate the interaction of ultra-intense laser pulses with ultra-thin foils. The applied highly sophisticated Particle-In-Cell computer simulations were meant to contribute to new insights into laser driven proton acceleration. Further findings in this area could help to significantly cut costs for cancer therapy centers..
  
Principal Investigator: Hartmut Ruhl, Faculty of Physics, University of Munich (Germany)
HPC Platform: SuperMUC of LRZ - Date published: November 2016
More: Advanced Accelerator Concepts for Strong Field Interaction Simulated with the Plasma-Simulation-Code (Aacsfi-PSC) …

Large-Eddy Simulations of Fluid-Structure Interactions around Thin Flexible Structures

Large-Eddy Simulations of Fluid-Structure Interactions Around Thin Flexible Structures

The interaction between a turbulent flow field and light-weight structural systems is the main topic of the present research project aiming at the development of advanced computational methodologies for this kind of multi-physics problem denoted fluid-structure interaction (FSI). This should allow to predict these complex coupled problems more reliably and to get closer to reality. An original computational methodology based on advanced techniques on the fluid and the structure side has been developed especially for thin flexible structures in turbulent flows.

Principal Investigator: Michael Breuer, Department of Fluid Mechanics, Helmut-Schmidt-University, Hamburg (Germany)
HPC Platform: SuperMUC of LRZ - Date published: October 2016
More: Large-Eddy Simulations of Fluid-Structure Interactions Around Thin Flexible Structures …

Unraveling the Mysteries of Element Generation

Unraveling the Mysteries of Element Generation

Lattice simulations of nuclear reactions that are relevant to nucleosynthesis in stars have recently become possible. As a first step, researchers from the Nuclear Lattice Effective Field Theory Collaboration have performed an ab initio calculation of the low-energy scattering of two alpha particles. This paves the way for a deeper understanding of the element generation and the limits of nuclear stability.

Principal Investigator: Ulf-G. Meißner, Universität Bonn and Forschungszentrum Jülich
HPC Platform: JUQUEEN of JSC - Date published: October 2016
More: Unraveling the Mysteries of Element Generation …

Hydrangea: Simulating the Formation of Galaxies in Clusters

Hydrangea: Simulating the Formation of Galaxies in Clusters

Why do galaxies that live in the enormous structures known as galaxy clusters look different from normal, isolated galaxies, like our Milky Way? To answer this question, astrophysicists have created the Hydrangea simulations, a suite of 24 high-resolution cosmological hydrodynamical simulations of galaxy clusters. Containing over 20,000 cluster galaxies in unprecedented detail and accuracy, these simulations are giving astrophysicists a powerful tool to understand how galaxies have formed and evolved in one of the most extreme environments of our Universe.
  
Principal Investigator: Yannick Bahé, Max Planck Institut for Astrophysics, Garching (Germany)
HPC Platform: Hazel Hen of HLRS - Date published: October 2016
More: Hydrangea: Simulating the Formation of Galaxies in Clusters …

2+1+1 Lattice QCD Calculations With HEX Smeared Clover Fermions

2+1+1 Lattice QCD Calculations With HEX Smeared Clover Fermions

The theories of Dark Matter (DM) are formulated in terms of couplings between DM particles and quarks, the elementary particles that build up protons and neutrons. To calculate the prediction of these theories and aid the experimental searches, one has to know the "quark content" of the nucleon, which is roughly speaking the probability of finding quarks in the nucleon. To calculate the nucleon quark content, an international team of researchers performed highly demanding computations on HPC system JUQUEEN of JSC.

Principal Investigator: Kálmán Szabó, Forschungszentrum Jülich, Institute for Advanced Simulation, Jülich Supercomputing Centre
HPC Platform: JUQUEEN of JSC - Date published: October 2016
More: 2+1+1 Lattice QCD Calculations With HEX Smeared Clover Fermions …

Modulation of Turbulent Properties in a Spray Flame Burning n-Heptane

Modulation of Turbulent Properties in a Spray Flame Burning n-Heptane: Direct Numerical Simulation

Spray evaporation and burning in a turbulent environment is a configuration found in many practical applications, such as diesel engines, direct-injection gasoline engines, gas turbines, etc. Understanding the physical process involved in this combustion process will help improving the combustion efficiency of these devices and, therefore, reduce their emissions. Direct numerical simulation (DNS) is a very attractive tool to investigate in all details the underlying processes since it is able to capture and resolve all scales in the system. In this project, evaporation, ignition, and mixing are investigated in both temporally- and spatially-evolving jets, using DNS.

Principal Investigator: Dominique Thévenin, Lab. of Fluid Dynamics and Technical Flows, University of Magdeburg "Otto von Guericke", Magdeburg (Germany)
HPC Platform: SuperMUC of LRZ - Date published: October 2016

More: Modulation of Turbulent Properties in a Spray Flame Burning n-Heptane: Direct Numerical Simulation …

Institute of Thermodynamics and Fluid Mechanics

Turbulent Convection at Very Low Prandtl Numbers

In many turbulent convection flows in nature and technology the thermal diffusivity is much higher than the kinematic viscosity which means that the Prandtl number is very low. Laboratory experiments in very low-Prandtl-number convection have to be conducted in liquid metals which are inaccessible for laser imaging techniques and require analysis by ultrasound or X-rays. Researchers of the TU Ilmenau and the Occidental College Los Angeles ran direct numerical simulations of this regime of turbulent convection at high Rayleigh numbers to reveal the full 3D structure of temperature and velocity fields.

Principal Investigator: Jörg Schumacher, Technische Universität Ilmenau (Germany)
HPC Platform: JUQUEEN of JSC - Date published: October 2016

More: Turbulent Convection at Very Low Prandtl Numbers …

Kinetics and Thermodynamics of Conformational Changes Upon Protein Association Studied by Molecular Dynamics Simulations

Kinetics and Thermodynamics of Conformational Changes Upon Protein Association Studied by Molecular Dynamics Simulations

Leveraging the computing power of HPC system SuperMUC, researchers of the Technische Universität München investigated the free energy landscape for large-scale conformational changes coupled to the association of biomolecules. It allowed understanding the mechanism of substrate and inhibitor binding to the adenylate kinase (ADK) enzyme and helped to characterize the thermodynamics and kinetics of the propagation of Alzheimer Alzheimer Aβ9-40 amyloid fibrils.

Principal Investigator: Martin Zacharias, Lehrstuhl für Molekulardynamik, Physik-Department T38, TU München (Germany)
HPC Platform: SuperMUC of LRZ - Date published: October 2016
More: Kinetics and Thermodynamics of Conformational Changes Upon Protein Association Studied by Molecular Dynamics Simulations …

The Quantum Mechanical Structure of Protons and Other Hadrons

The Quantum Mechanical Structure of Protons and Other Hadrons

To improve the understanding of the quark gluon structure of hadrons extremely demanding (ongoing and planned) experiments have to be complemented by equally demanding numerical simulations. Researchers from the University of Regensburg leveraged the computing power of HPC systems JUQUEEN and SuperMUC for challenging Lattice Quantum Chromodynamics (QCD) simulations for the "Generalized Parton Distributions" (GPDs) of the nucleon.

Principal Investigator: Andreas Schäfer, Institut für Theoretische Physik, Universität Regensburg (Germany)
HPC Platform: JUQUEEN of JSC and SuperMUC of LRZ - Date published: October 2016
More: The Quantum Mechanical Structure of Protons and Other Hadrons …

APAM – Aquatic Purification Assisted by Membranes

APAM – Aquatic Purification Assisted by Membranes

The electro-dialysis process is an efficient desalination technique that uses ion exchange membranes to produce clean water from seawater. This process involves different physical phenomena like fluid dynamics, electrodynamics and diffusive mass-transport along with their interactions. Rigorous assessment of those interactions, especially those near the membranes, are only possible through large-scale coupled simulations. The aim of the APAM compute time project is the detailed flow simulation in this application to understand the effect of different spacer structures between the membranes in this process.

Principal Investigator: Sabine Roller, University of Siegen, Institute of Simulation Techniques and Scientific Computing (Germany)
HPC Platform: Hazel Hen of HLRS - Date published: October 2016

More: APAM – Aquatic Purification Assisted by Membranes …

3D NLTE (non-local thermodynamic equilibrium) Radiation Transport with PHOENIX/3D

3D NLTE Radiation Transport with PHOENIX/3D

Understanding the light emitted by (magnetically) active cool stars (‘M dwarfs’) is a major challenge for astrophysics. In this project, scientists use their PHOENIX/3D code to simulate the light emitted by a ‘box’ inside the outer layers of an active M dwarf in detail. The temperatures and pressures inside the box are taken from an existing gas dynamics simulation (including magnetic field effects) by S. Wedemeyer (Oslo). The computational requirements of detailed non-equilibrium 3D radiative transfer simulations are staggering and require the largest supercomputers on Earth.
  
Principal Investigator: Peter Hauschildt, Hamburger Sternwarte, Universität Hamburg (Germany)
HPC Platform: Hazel Hen of HLRS - Date published: October 2016

More: 3D NLTE Radiation Transport with PHOENIX/3D …

SubMesoscale  Ocean Modelling for Climate

SubMesoscale Ocean Modelling for Climate

The SMOC (SubMesoscale Ocean Modelling for Climate) project aimed to shed light on the role of submesoscale turbulent processes in the overall functioning of the ocean. Leveraging HPC power, the researchers in particular tried to get answers to: A) how deep do submesoscale fronts penetrate and can they be a significant source of dissipation for the ocean circulation away from the surface?, and B) to which extent do submesoscale fronts participate in the transfer into the deep ocean of the near-inertial energy injected by the wind at the ocean surface?

Principal Investigator: Xavier Capet, CNRS, LOCEAN laboratory, Université Pierre et Marie Curie, Paris (France)
HPC Platform: Hazel Hen of HLRS - Date published: October 2016
More: SubMesoscale Ocean Modelling for Climate …

MDS of Deformation Processes in Nanostructured Metallic Glasses

Molecular Dynamics Simulations of Deformation Processes in Nanostructured Metallic Glasses

Metallic glasses are very strong and nonetheless elastic, making them appealing for diverse engineering applications. Despite these favourable properties, the failure of metallic glasses sets in directly after the elastic limit, making them brittle. In this project, scientists from Technische Universität Darmstadt investigate nanostructured metallic glasses as a possible solution to this problem using large-scale molecular dynamics simulations.

Principal Investigator: Karsten Albe, Technische Universität Darmstadt (Germany)
HPC Platform: JUQUEEN of JSC - Date published: October 2016
More: Molecular Dynamics Simulations of Deformation Processes in Nanostructured Metallic Glasses …

PHOENIX/3D NLTE calculations

PHOENIX/3D NLTE Calculations

Researchers finished the implementation and verification of a 3D non-local thermodynamic equilibrium (NLTE/3D) module for the PHOENIX/3D model atmosphere simulation code. The methods were extended to also allow NLTE modelling of molecular lines (here: CO) and then used to model the radiation from parameterized star-spots to investigate the effects of detailed 3D radiation transport on observables.
  
Principal Investigator: Peter Hauschildt, Hamburger Sternwarte, Universität Hamburg (Germany)
HPC Platform: JUQUEEN of JSC - Date published: September 2016

More: PHOENIX/3D NLTE Calculations …

Finite-Temperature Lanczos Simulations of Magnetic Molecules

Finite-Temperature Lanczos Simulations of Magnetic Molecules

In an interdisciplinary collaboration chemists and physicists design and investigate new quantum magnets that can be used as magnetic refrigerant materials for sub-Kelvin cooling.

Principal Investigator: Jürgen Schnack, Fakultät für Physik, Universität Bielefeld (Germany)
HPC Platform: SuperMUC of LRZ - Date published: September 2016
More: Finite-Temperature Lanczos Simulations of Magnetic Molecules …

Charm Loop Effects: Decoupling and Charmonium

Charm Loop Effects: Decoupling and Charmonium

In a joint project of scientists of the Universities of Wuppertal, Berlin, Cambridge and Münster, and of DESY, Zeuthen researchers investigate the effects that the inclusion of a dynamical charm quark in the simulations of lattice quantum chromodynamics has on observables like the charmonium spectrum, the mass of the charm quark and the strong coupling.

Principal Investigator: Francesco Knechtli, Fakultät für Mathematik und Naturwissenschaften, Bergische Universität Wuppertal (Germany)
HPC Platform: JUQUEEN and JURECA of JSC - Date published: September 2016
More: Charm Loop Effects: Decoupling and Charmonium …

Composite Higgs Theory Beyond the Standard Model

Composite Higgs Theory Beyond the Standard Model

Despite the remarkable success of the Standard Model (SM), it is generally believed that there are phenomena beyond it. One class of Beyond Standard Model (BSM) theories postulates that the observed Higgs boson is indeed a composite particle composed of new subatomic particles bounded by new interactions. In this project, the Lattice Higgs Collaboration (LatHC) investigates the properties of the Sextet model including hadron spectroscopy and how interaction strength varies with probing energy. These findings have recently made the Sextet model one of the highly interesting BSM models.

Principal Investigator: Chik Him Wong, Bergische Universität Wuppertal (Germany)
HPC Platform: JUQUEEN of JSC - Date published: September 2016
More: Composite Higgs Theory Beyond the Standard Model …

Investigation of the Flow Through the Intake Port of an IC-Engine Using High-Resolution LES

Investigation of the Flow Through the Intake Port of an IC-Engine Using High-Resolution LES

A numerical research project, run on Hornet of HLRS, focused on the grid of internal combustion (IC) engines in the vicinity of the intake valve and its effect on the simulation results. The overall goal was to develop a methodology for a quantitative comparison of different results in terms of the intake jet as well as the identification of crucial mesh regions.

Principal Investigator: Christian Hasse, Numerical Thermo-Fluid Dynamics, Technische Universität Bergakademie Freiberg (Germany)
HPC Platform: Hornet of HLRS - Date published: September 2016
More: Investigation of the Flow Through the Intake Port of an IC-Engine Using High-Resolution LES …

The Spectrum of Supersymmetric Yang-Mills Theory

The Spectrum of Supersymmetric Yang-Mills Theory

In a joint project of scientists of the Universities of Münster, Bern and Regensburg, and of DESY, Hamburg, researchers investigate the properties of the N = 1 supersymmetric Yang-Mills theory, a theory which has supersymmetry and is part of many models for the physics beyond the Standard Model.

Principal Investigator: Gernot Münster, Institut für Theoretische Physik, Universität Münster (Germany)
HPC Platform: JUQUEEN and JURECA of JSC - Date published: July 2016
More: The Spectrum of Supersymmetric Yang-Mills Theory …

Force Field Optimization for Ionic Liquids (FFOIL)

Force Field Optimization for Ionic Liquids (FFOIL)

Long charging times in mobile energy storage devices limits their applicability. Supercapacitors can fill this technological gap, providing quick charging in the range of minutes with the drawback of less energy being stored compared to high-end lithium-ion batteries. Realistic simulations of carbon-based nanoporous electrodes immersed in mixtures of ionic liquids and organic solvents can give insight about the optimal composition of the electrolyte and the molecular mechanisms of the charging process in supercapacitors.

Principal Investigator: Christian Holm, Institute for Computational Physics, Universität Stuttgart (Germany)
HPC Platform: Hazel Hen of HLRS - Date published: July 2016
More: Force Field Optimization for Ionic Liquids (FFOIL) …

Two-Phase-Flows in Francis and Pump Turbines

Two-Phase-Flows in Francis and Pump Turbines

In the last decades, hydraulic machines have experienced a continual extension of the operating range in order to integrate other renewable energy sources into the electrical grid. When operated at off-design conditions, the turbine experiences cavitation which may reduce the power output and can cause severe damage in the machine. Cavitation simulations are suitable to give a better understanding of the physical processes acting at off-design conditions. The goal of this project is to give an insight in the capabilities of two-phase simulations for hydraulic machines and determine the range for safe operation.

Principal Investigator: Jonas Wack, Institute of Fluid Mechanics and Hydraulic Machinery, University of Stuttgart (Germany)
HPC Platform: Hazel Hen of HLRS - Date published: July 2016
More: Two-Phase-Flows in Francis and Pump Turbines …

Investigations into Turbulent Flames with Detailed Chemistry and Detailed Transport

Investigations into Turbulent Flames with Detailed Chemistry and Detailed Transport

Turbulence-chemistry interaction in well characterized partially premixed and premixed laboratory-scale experiments has been investigated numerically by two different methods (M1 & M2) based on the large eddy simulation (LES) technique. It could be shown that the developed transported filtered density function method (M1) is capable of reproducing the turbulence chemistry interaction in the investigated opposed jet flame configurations. The flame resolved simulations (M2) revealed the importance of flame wrinkling and scalar geometry for flame propagation and allowed for further development of sub-filter models for future LES.

Principal Investigator: Andreas Kempf, Institut für Verbrennung und Gasdynamik, Lehrstuhl Fluiddynamik, Universität Duisburg-Essen (Germany)
HPC Platform: JUQUEEN of JSC - Date published: July 2016
More: Investigations into Turbulent Flames with Detailed Chemistry and Detailed Transport …

Collisions of Small Particles in the Wake of a Sphere

Collisions of Small Particles in the Wake of a Sphere

Using high resolution direct numerical simulations of a flow seeded with particles around a sphere, an international research team aimed at studying the hydrodynamic problem of collisions among particles in the potentially turbulent wake of a sphere. HPC system JUQUEEN of JSC served as computing platform for this challenging simulation project.

Principal Investigator: Rainer Grauer, Institut für Theoretische Physik, Ruhr-Universität Bochum (Germany)
HPC Platform: JUQUEEN of JSC - Date published: July 2016
More: Collisions of Small Particles in the Wake of a Sphere …

Global Kinetic Modelling of Space Weather - VLASIATOR

Global Kinetic Modelling of Space Weather – With Extreme Scalability (VLASIATOR)

Space weather is an increasingly important aspect for our technology-dependent society. Modelling space weather is difficult, however, a Finnish team has succeeded in something that was said to be impossible: an accurate simulation of the large-scale near-Earth space environment. PRACE Tier-0 grant from Hazel Hen (HLRS, Stuttgart) both allowed the Vlasiator team to discover new space physics phenomena, and significantly helped in the acceptance of the second European Research Council grant awarded to the project PI in fall 2015.
  
Principal Investigator: Minna Palmroth, Earth Observation Finnish Meteorological Institute, Helsinki (Finland)
HPC Platform: Hazel Hen of HLRS - Date published: July 2016
More: Global Kinetic Modelling of Space Weather – With Extreme Scalability (VLASIATOR) …

Gravitational Waves From Early Universe Phase Transitions

Gravitational Waves From Early Universe Phase Transitions

Gravitational waves are ripples in spacetime, predicted by Einstein already a century ago. With the announcement earlier this year that gravitational waves had been successfully detected from two black holes merging, attention now turns to other potential sources of gravitational waves. Such sources include dramatic events that may have occurred very early in the history of the universe. Understanding these other sources also informs the design of future gravitational wave detectors, such as the European Space Agency (ESA) project eLISA.
  
Principal Investigator: David Weir, Department of Mathematics and Natural Sciences, University of Stavanger (Norway)
HPC Platform: Hazel Hen of HLRS - Date published: July 2016
More: Gravitational Waves From Early Universe Phase Transitions …

Dynamical Processes in Semiconductor Nanostructures

Dynamical Processes in Semiconductor Nanostructures

Researchers use ab-initio density functional theory (DFT) to unravel the effects of lattice vibrations on the electronic and optical properties of semiconductor nanostructures and how they can influence carrier dynamics in the femtoseconds to tens of picosecond time range. The scientific interest resides in the understanding of fundamental physics and in a reliable assessment of the importance of carrier relaxation, dephasing, and temperature effects, which are relevant for semiconductor nanodevices.

Principal Investigator: Gabriel Bester, University of Hamburg and the Hamburg Centre for Ultrafast Imaging (Germany)
HPC Platform: Hazel Hen of HLRS - Date published: June 2016
More: Dynamical Processes in Semiconductor Nanostructures …

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